September is Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) awareness month. This month is dedicated to raising awareness and educating the public on a problem that affects 10 to 15% of women. That is approximately one in every 10 women!!!!! PCOS is a hormonal and metabolic disorder. It is the most common cause of infertility. The diagnosis has lifelong implications such as increased risk for type two diabetes, cardiovascular disease and increased risk for endometrial cancer. The cause PCOS is unknown but evidence does suggest a genetic component. This diagnosis should be considered in anyone with irregular periods, excessive hair growth or hair loss, acne that is difficult to treat, infertility and obesity. An evaluation that includes complete history and physical examination, blood work and pelvic ultrasound is used to determine if criteria for diagnosis is met. It is important to understand that PCOS may present differently in each woman (not all women with PCOS are overweight). Unfortunately there is no cure for PCOS but the symptoms can be managed. Lifestyle changes including diet and exercise are the first line of treatment. Other treatments depend on immediate fertility plans. If you or someone you know exhibit any of these symptoms, please request an appointment for evaluation.
Until next time……….
Adanna Ikedilo MD, FACOG